The map of nuclear arsenals in the world. Kremlin missiles can strike at a distance of 2,500 km. Italy does not possess atomic weapons, but shares them according to the NATO program in the bases of Ghedi and Aviano
Vladimir Putin could resort to the nuclear threat if the war in Ukraine were to go on for much longer. “As this war and its aftermath slowly diminish Russia’s conventional strength,” Lieutenant General Scott Berrier, head of Dia, the Pentagon’s intelligence agency, explained in a parliamentary hearing. Moscow “will probably gradually rely on its nuclear deterrent to project strength on its domestic audience and abroad ». The American generals explains a reconstruction by Giuseppe Sarcina on the Courier servicehowever, they think that the Russians would not use planetary destruction warheads: they could use atomics with a reduced range. A source makes a Washington reference: “They could destroy an area from the Lincoln Memorial to the Washington Monument.” That is about 1.2 kilometers: still terrifying.
The latest news on the war in Ukraine
Earlier the Russian president spoke of the Russia as one of the “most powerful nuclear nations in the world” and he made it clear that he was willing to use this deterrence against the West, committed to opposing the Kremlin’s war actions against Ukraine. At the height of this dramatic tug-of-warPutin
had ordered the nuclear deterrence system to be put on alert
threatening “consequences such as have never been seen in history”.
The map of the atomic bombs in the world
Russia holds the second largest nuclear arsenal in the world: 4,500 warheads. The USA they have instead 5,500 bombs. The third world atomic power is represented by China (350 titles); to wheel follow the France (300); UK (215); Pakistan (150); India (140) and North Korea (10).
Italy does not produce or possess nuclear weapons but participates in NATO’s “nuclear sharing” program. On our territoryunder the agreements of the Atlantic Alliance, there would be about fifty warheads divided between the two Ghedi military air bases (Brescia) and Aviano (Pordenone).
The numbers of the Russian threat
Russia’s nuclear arsenal has about 4,477 nuclear warheads, in addition to another 1,500 which are however already dismantled or in the process of being dismantled. The data, updated as of February 23, are published by the Federation of American Scientists, a non-profit research organization founded in 1945 and made up of scientists and analysts. This is an estimate because it is very difficult to establish with certainty an inventory of nuclear weapons owned by the various states of the world.
Of the 4,477 nuclear warheads available to Russia, 2.889 are stored and therefore not immediately usable, while 1.558 are already mounted on the different carriers. According to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists published by Hans M. Kristensen and Matt Korda on February 25, 812 nuclear warheads are installed on ICBMs (Icbm), 576 on missile submarines and about 200 on bombers. About 977 other nuclear warheads are in stock, along with another 1,912 considered “non-strategic” warheads. “In addition to the military escort for operational forces – write the two researchers – a large number, about 1,500, of disused but still operational warheads are waiting to be dismantledfor a total of approximately 5,977 nuclear warheads “.
Above all, Europe is threatened by the new missile “9m729”, which the United States has denounced as a violation of the Inf Treaty. It is a medium-range device, capable of hitting up to 2,500 kilometers away. The Russian army has three bases capable of launching atomic weapons: Rostov (to the Southeast) of Ukraine; St.Pietroburgo (to the North) e Kalinigrad. This latter base is almost in the heart of Europe and represents the most insidious threat to NATO countries.
Kalinigrad (almost half a million inhabitants)
it is in fact a Russian enclave located between Poland and Lithuania: here it also has access to the Baltic Sea, of which it is one of the largest ports. From
Kalinigrad, map in hand,
potentially a missile “9m729” it could hit a target as far as Spain and beyond Ireland.
The chain of command of the nuclear system Russian
(as explained in Paolo Valentino’s analysis)
is modeled on the Soviet one and is based on a concatenation a three keys (which are actually launch codes). One is in the hands of the president, one in those of the defense minister and the third in that of the joint chief of staff. If even one of those codes is canceled, the procedure is blocked.